Richard I "Coeur de Lion", King of England

Male 1157 - 1199  (41 years)


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  • Name Richard I "Coeur de Lion"  
    •    
      Angevin king of England
    • He was also Duke of Normandy; Duke of Aquitaine; and Count of Poitou. [1]
    Born 8 Sep 1157  Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    History 1169  [2
    A marriage contract was drawn up for Richard to wed Alice, Princess of France, the daughter of Louis VII, King of France and Constance of Castile. In March 1190, Richard I voided his marriage contract with Alice of France. 
    Title 1170  [3
    He became the Duke of Aquitane. 
    History 1173 
    In 1173, he joined with his brothers in a revolt against his father, which ended the next year. He then set about establishing his authority in the Aquitaine.

    In 1177, King Louis demanded that he marry the Princess Alice, and the matter was submitted to arbitration. With his brother, Henry's, death in 1183, he became the heir to the throne of England. Henry II called him to give Aquitaine to his brother John. This lead to another war, which Henry II won.

    In 1187, King Phillip Augustus lead an army into Barry and besieged John and Richard at Châteauroux. The nobles intervened and prevented an all out battle. 
    Crowned 3 Sep 1189  Westminster Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Military 11 Dec 1189 
    On 11 December 1189, Richard left England on the Third Crusade. While he helped defeat the Moslems at the Battle of Arsuf, they were not strong enough to win Jerusalem. He made peace with Saladin and was allowed to visit Jerusalem.

    On his return from the Crusade, he was imprisoned by the Duke of Austria. In 1194, upon the payment of a large ransom, he was released. He arrived back in England 13 March 1194. 
    Married 12 May 1191  Limassol, Cyprus Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Berengara of Navarre, the daughter of Sancho VI, King of Navarre and Sancha, Infanta of Castile. She was born in 1163 in Navarre, Spain. [Berengara, married Richard I, King of England, at age 33] She died in 1230 . 
    Died 2 Apr 1199  [1, 2, 4
    Cause: from being wounded by an crossbow bolt at the siege of Châlus in Limousin 
    Buried Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Siblings 7 siblings 
    Person ID I21949 
    Last Modified 15 Aug 2019 

    Father Henry II "Curt Mantel", King of England,   b. 5 Mar 1132/33, Le Mans, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Château Chinon, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine, Dutchess of Aquitaine,   b. 1123, probably Bordeaux, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1204, Palace of Poitiers, Poitiers, Poitou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years) 
    Married 18 May 1153  Bordeaux, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
    Family ID F2204  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 8 Sep 1157 - Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCrowned - 3 Sep 1189 - Westminster Abbey, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Loire, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S309] Fraser, Antonia. The Lives of the Kings & Queens of England, (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1975).

    2. [S307] Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004).

    3. [S304] Wikipedia.

    4. [S1468] anonymous. "Table of Kings and Queens since the Conquest" , (Boston: The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, volume II, January 1849).

    5. [S59] Weis, Frederick Lewis. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 Fifth Edition, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982).

    6. [S60] Stuart, Roderick W. Royalty for Commoners, The Complete Known Lineage of John of Gaunt, Son of Edward III, King of England, and Queen Philippa Fourth Edition, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002).

    7. [S65] Web Site: Sewell Genealogy Site, (http://www3.sympatico.ca/robert.sewell/sitemapweb.html).

    8. [S1461] Burke, John and John Bernard Burke. The Royal Families of England, Scotland and Wales with their Descendants, Sovereigns and Subjects , (London: E. Churton, 1848).

    9. [S63] von Redlisch, Marcellus Donald Alexander R. Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants volume 1 , (Cottonport, Louisiana: Order of the Crown of Charlemagne, 1941).



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