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Pharaoh Hatshepsut

Pharaoh Hatshepsut

Female - 1459 BCE

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  • Name Hatshepsut  
    Relationshipwith Robert Alan Roy
    • When Tuthmosis II died in 1479 BCE from a severe systemic illness, Hatshepsut stood as regent for the heir, who was very young. Contemporary records state that she “managed affairs of the land. [1, 3, 4]
    • In 1473 BCE she declared herself Pharaoh, and ruled until her death. She adopted masculine attire and assumed the traditional masculine titles. [1, 3, 4]
    • Hatshepsut was well educated and skilled in imperial administration. It is possible that she led military campaigns in Nubia and Palestine, and she sent a famous expedition to Punt (probably modern Ethiopia). In Egypt, Hatshepsut renovated large sections of Karnak and maintained an apartment there. She also erected the Red Chapel, a pair of granite Obelisks, a formal route for religious processions, and the eighth Pylon in the southern axis of the complex. [3, 4]
    • Hatshepsut erected her major monument at Deir el-Bahri on the western shore in Thebes. This is a temple with three low, broad porticos, ramps, and terraces. The upper terrace has square pillars that were originally faced with Osiride statues of Hatshepsut. In the middle terrace she constructed chapels for the gods Hathor and Anubis. This terrace also contains reliefs concerning the expedition that was sent to Punt. Hatshepsut’s divine birth legend is also depicted here. The bottom terrace has bas-reliefs heralding the raising of her obelisks at Karnak, and the court in front of the terraces had two pools and MYRRH trees in ceramic pots. Deir el-Bahri was called Djeseru- djeseru, “the Holy of Holies,” and was dedicated to Amun-Ré, Ré-Horakhty, Hathor, and Anubis [1, 3, 4]
    Death 1459 BCE  [3
    Siblings 3 Siblings 
    Person ID I9905 
    Last Modified 28 Nov 2021 

    Father Pharaoh Thutmose I   d. -1492 
    Mother Ahmose,   b. —, Thebes, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this locationd. —, Thebes, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Marriage Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F6951  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Pharaoh Thutmose II,   b. About 1492 BCE   d. 1479 BCE  [3, 5
     1. Neferu-Re
    Family ID F6949  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 13 Oct 2020 

  • Photos
    Statue of Hatshepsut on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

    The Royal Titulary of Hatshepsut
    The Royal Titulary of Hatshepsut

  • Sources 
    1. [S1815] David, Rosalie & David, Antony E. A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, (London: Seaby, 1992).

    2. [S1744] Dodson, Aidan. Monarchs of the Nile, (New York: American University in Cairo Press, 2000).

    3. [S1745] Margaret R. Bunson. Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, (New York: Facts on File, 2008).

    4. [S2074] Mertz, Barbara. Temples, Tombs, & Hieroglyphs : A Popular History of Ancient Egypt, (New York: Harper Collins, 1964).

    5. [S1816] Rice, Michael. Who's Who in Ancient Egypt, (London: Routledge, 1999).